This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of a revolution that occurred in education across Europe from the 1500s where Latin emerging as the main language of instruction. It then discusses the significance of Virgil's poetry, which has been linked to the high culture of the early modern period and the institutions that supported it. It identifies the existence of another Virgil, one that was available to those who had reason later in life to question the unquestioned verities they had learnt in school and to use Virgil's poetry, more specifically the Aeneid, as a way to envision a society that was different in one or more ways from the one in which they lived. An overview of the succeeding chapters is presented.
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