Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Conceptions of CosmosFrom Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Helge S. Kragh

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199209163

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209163.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 March 2020

From Myths To The Copernican Universe

From Myths To The Copernican Universe

(p.6) 1 From Myths To The Copernican Universe
Conceptions of Cosmos


Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the development of cosmological thought from the oldest times — as in Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures — to the early 17th century. A high point in this development was the geocentric Aristotelian-Ptolemaic world picture, which in a christianized version was adopted by the philosophers and theologians of the Middle Ages. The stable medieval view of the world was challenged by the Copernican heliocentric system of 1543, which marked the beginning of the scientific revolution and also of increased tensions between science and faith. Not only was the new universe much larger than the old one, with Kepler's innovations of the early 17th century the privileged circular motions of the celestial bodies had to be abandoned.

Keywords:   cosmological thought, Aristotelianism, Ptolemaic world picture, medieval view, Copernican heliocentric system, scientific revolution

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .