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The Founding of the Dutch RepublicWar, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588$
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James Tracy

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199209118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.001.0001

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Partisan Strife, 1583–1588: Holland and its Critics

Partisan Strife, 1583–1588: Holland and its Critics

(p.269) 12 Partisan Strife, 1583–1588: Holland and its Critics
The Founding of the Dutch Republic

James D. Tracy (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Ardent Calvinists and refugees from the south blamed Holland for the loss of Flanders and Brabant; did not Holland's merchants batten on trade with the foe? Leicester thus found support for a more centralized government, but only briefly, for he lost credit by slighting local privileges. When he called on true patriots to rise up against Holland's urban oligarchies, there were only minor plots here and there; the more dangerous legacy of Leicester's brief tenure was a rash of garrison mutinies, but even this was manageable for a wealthy province. Meanwhile, Leicester's partisans promoted the novel doctrine of popular sovereignty. In response, Gouda's town attorney asserted that the urban oligarchies had ruled, through the states, since time out of mind. This was not a theoretically interesting answer, but it satisfied the needs of a nascent republic.

Keywords:   Calvinists, Refugees from the southern Netherlands, Earl of Leicester, Garrison mutinies, Holland's urban oligarchies, Political theory, Popular sovereignty, Holland as an oligarchical republic

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