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The Early Latin Verb SystemArchaic Forms in Plautus, Terence, and Beyond$
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Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199209026

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209026.001.0001

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The Type duim in Archaic Latin

The Type duim in Archaic Latin

(p.240) 9 The Type duim in Archaic Latin
The Early Latin Verb System


Oxford University Press

Subjunctives of the type duim ‘I may give’ contain the same optative morpheme as the sigmatic faxim ‘I may do’. Similarly, they always have non-past meaning, but have peculiar restrictions of use in that they are absent in commands and ut-clauses, but frequent in prohibitions and subordinate -clauses. These forms also belong to an elevated register.

Keywords:   optative morpheme, non-past meaning, absence in commands, ut-clauses, high frequency, prohibitions, subordinate nē-clauses, elevated register

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