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The Early Latin Verb SystemArchaic Forms in Plautus, Terence, and Beyond$
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Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199209026

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209026.001.0001

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Prohibitions with fēcerīs and faciās in Archaic Latin

Prohibitions with fēcerīs and faciās in Archaic Latin

(p.92) 4 Prohibitions with fēcerīs and faciās in Archaic Latin
The Early Latin Verb System


Oxford University Press

There are many ways of forming prohibitive clauses in Latin. This chapter looks at those containing perfect and present subjunctives. Various possible contrasts are examined, for instance that between inhibitive prohibitions (‘stop doing’) and preventive ones (‘do not do’). Prohibitions introduced by (‘not’) are often indistinguishable from subordinate negative clauses; since the latter are historically derived from the former, this fuzziness of categories comes as no surprise. Prohibitions can also be introduced by caue, an original imperative (‘beware’) that underwent a grammaticalization process and turned into a simple prohibition marker. The use of perfect subjunctives in prohibitions does not fit into the synchronic tense system; we are dealing with old aorist uses that were eventually restricted to the second person, in contrast to the present subjunctive.

Keywords:   prohibitive clauses, inhibitive, preventive, fuzzy categories, grammaticalization, aorist, person

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