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The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism, 1914-1958$
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John Pollard

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199208562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208562.001.0001

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(p.1) 1 Introduction
The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism, 1914-1958

John Pollard

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a summary of the aims and objectives of the volume and a historiographical review of the existing literature. It then examines the features, positive and negative, of the legacy of the pontificate of Pius X (1903–14). In particular, it focuses on the longer-term effects of Pius X’s innovations in the liturgical field, his inauguration of the process of codifying Canon Law and his reform of the Roman curia, and his attempts to improve training for the priesthood. It also analyses the longer-term effects of the ‘modernist’ crisis that dominated his reign and the consequences for the papacy during the July crisis of 1914 of Pius X’s and Cardinal Merry Del Val’s mishandling of the Vatican’s diplomatic relations with states.

Keywords:   Pius X, modernist crisis, Code of Canon Law, Roman curia, liturgical innovations, diplomatic isolation

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