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The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism, 1914-1958$
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John Pollard

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199208562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208562.001.0001

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The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism

The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism

(p.447) 12 The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism
The Papacy in the Age of Totalitarianism, 1914-1958

John Pollard

Oxford University Press

The purpose of this chapter is to elucidate the broader trends in the development of the papacy, to assess the longer-term impact of the challenges of total war and totalitarian regimes upon it between 1914 and 1958: in particular to consider whether these challenges had the effect of producing ideological and institutional forms of ‘Catholic totalitarianism’ in this period. In this context, the extent to which the three pontificates could be said to exhibit strong commonalities, and why, is carefully considered. Some specific issues, such as the development of the papacy’s relationship with Italy and the evolution of its relationship with the Jews are also examined. Finally, the nature of the legacy of these pontificates, particularly that of Pius XII, in relation to the Second Vatican Council of 1962–65, is discussed.

Keywords:   broader trends, challenges, Catholic totalitarianism, Commonalities, Jews, Italy, legacy, Second Vatican Council

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