This chapter is concerned with earlier definitions of degrammaticalization, with the aim to demarcate the book's own definition from these earlier views. It discusses the alternative terms of regrammaticalization and antigrammaticalization, as well as number of changes that have been used as (near )synonyms of degrammaticalization, including lexicalization of affixes and function words, exaptation, and replacement. Degrammaticalization is defined as a composite change whereby a gram in a specific context gains in autonomy or substance on one or more linguistic levels. This chapter argues that degrammaticalization is a change in context, and that there are no degrammaticalization clines. Furthermore, it provides an outline of a taxonomic system to classify degrammaticalization changes, based on Lehmann's ‘parameters of grammaticalization’, arguing that these parameters work in degrammaticalization as well.
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