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Muriel Norde

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199207923

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.001.0001

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Defining degrammaticalization

Defining degrammaticalization

(p.106) 3 Defining degrammaticalization

Muriel Norde

Oxford University Press

This chapter is concerned with earlier definitions of degrammaticalization, with the aim to demarcate the book's own definition from these earlier views. It discusses the alternative terms of regrammaticalization and antigrammaticalization, as well as number of changes that have been used as (near )synonyms of degrammaticalization, including lexicalization of affixes and function words, exaptation, and replacement. Degrammaticalization is defined as a composite change whereby a gram in a specific context gains in autonomy or substance on one or more linguistic levels. This chapter argues that degrammaticalization is a change in context, and that there are no degrammaticalization clines. Furthermore, it provides an outline of a taxonomic system to classify degrammaticalization changes, based on Lehmann's ‘parameters of grammaticalization’, arguing that these parameters work in degrammaticalization as well.

Keywords:   regrammaticalization, antigrammaticalization, comnposite change, lexicalization of affixes, function words, taxonomic system, exaptation, replacement, Lehmann's parameters

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