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International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals$
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Guénaël Mettraux

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199207541

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.001.0001

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Chapeau Elements of Crimes against Humanity

Chapeau Elements of Crimes against Humanity

Chapter:
(p.155) 11 Chapeau Elements of Crimes against Humanity
Source:
International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals
Author(s):

Guénaél Mettraux

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.003.0011

What distinguishes a crime against humanity from an ordinary crime (or from other international crimes) is the requirement that it must have been committed in the context of a widespread or systematic attack against a civilian population. This requirement, which constitutes the chapeau or general requirements of crimes against humanity, must be seen as a whole and sets out the necessary context in which the acts of the accused must be inscribed. For the purpose of discussion, it may be divided, however, into five sub-elements: an attack; a link or nexus exists between the acts of the accused and the attack; the attack is directed against any civilian population; the attack is widespread or systematic; and the perpetrator has the appropriate state of mind or mens rea.

Keywords:   crimes against humanity, attack, accused, civilian population, mens rea

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