Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
People, Plants and GenesThe Story of Crops and Humanity$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Denis J Murphy

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199207145

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2019

Evolution of agrourban cultures: III Africa, Europe, and the Americas

Evolution of agrourban cultures: III Africa, Europe, and the Americas

Chapter:
(p.189) chapter 12 Evolution of agrourban cultures: III Africa, Europe, and the Americas
Source:
People, Plants and Genes
Author(s):

Denis J. Murphy

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0012

From 8,000-5,500 BP, the African Sahara was a centre for domestication of millets and sorghum. Agriculture in the region was extinguished following a sustained drought after 5,450 BP, but may have contributed to the development of the Nile Valley as one of the greatest agro-urban cultures of the ancient world. In Central Europe, after 8,500 BP, farming was introduced by migrants from the Near East who slowly travelled northwestwards along the fertile river valleys from the Balkans towards the Atlantic coast. Other seaborne migrants brought farming to southern Europe via the Mediterranean. Complex urban cultures did not develop in this region for many millennia. Agro-urban cultures developed separately in Mesoamerica, the Andes, and parts of North America once the indigenous crops could be cultivated under high yield conditions. Social collapse and simplification occurred repeatedly in several parts of the continent, probably due to a combination of climatic and social factors.

Keywords:   millet, sorghum, Nile Valley, Mesoamerica, Mayan collapse, South America, North America, farming

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .