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Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO Legal System$
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Lorand Bartels and Federico Ortino

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199206995

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206995.001.0001

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TRIPS-Plus Provisions in FTAs: Recent Trends

TRIPS-Plus Provisions in FTAs: Recent Trends

Chapter:
(p.215) 9 TRIPS-Plus Provisions in FTAs: Recent Trends
Source:
Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO Legal System
Author(s):

Bryan Mercurio

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206995.003.0010

This chapter examines the trend in TRIPS-Plus provisions or the standards of intellectual property (IP) protection that are higher than what is required in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). It analyses patents as a form of IP to show that a rotating cycle between bilateralism, regionalism, and multilateralism not only exists in free trade agreements (FTA) but also strengthens intellectual property rights (IPR) and the obligations of nations. It discusses the important areas that are being re-negotiated bilaterally with the introduction of every TRIPS-Plus provision.

Keywords:   TRIPS-Plus, intellectual property, patents, free trade agreements, IPR, bilateralism, regionalism, multilateralism

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