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Hospice and Palliative Care in AfricaA Review of Developments and Challenges$
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Michael Wright and David Clark

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199206803

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206803.001.0001

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Chapter:
(p.429) Chapter 25 Ethiopia
Source:
Hospice and Palliative Care in Africa
Author(s):

Michael Wright (Contributor Webpage)

David Clark

Jennifer Hunt

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206803.003.0025

Ethiopia (population 67.85 million people) is a country in Eastern Africa that covers an area of 1, 127 km2. The concept of home-based care is relatively new in Ethiopia and has evolved as a response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Three non-governmental humanitarian organizations provide this care: the Medical Missionaries of Mary, Mekdem, and Mary Joy. There is no palliative care component within the HIV/AIDS control programme in Addis Adaba. The WHO palliative care project acknowledges the formidable difficulties confronting Ethiopia. Nevertheless, WHO considers that certain strengths and opportunities are recognizable in Ethiopia. There are no governmental programmes and only three NGOs that provide support for chronically ill patients in a home setting. The WHO overall health care system performance score places Ethiopia 180th out of 191 countries. The political economy of this country is also explored.

Keywords:   Ethiopia, HIV, AIDS, palliative care, political economy, health care system, Medical Missionaries

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