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Kant and the Historical TurnPhilosophy as Critical Interpretation$
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Karl Ameriks

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199205349

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205349.001.0001

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A Common‐Sense Kant?

A Common‐Sense Kant?

(p.108) 5 A Common‐Sense Kant?
Kant and the Historical Turn

Karl Ameriks (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter builds on the contrast between Hume and Kant by showing how the Critical philosophy can be understood as an ally of Reid's critique of empiricism and the whole tradition of the ‘way of ideas’. The general ‘anti-Cartesian’ and realist approach of Reid's common-sense philosophy has gained many distinguished adherents, but most analytic philosophers have continued to assume that this approach is the very opposite of Kant's. By building on extensive research by Manfred Kuehn on the role of common-sense philosophy in 18th-century Germany, it is argued that there has been a deep misunderstanding concerning passages that have been repeatedly taken to prove that Kant's philosophy completely opposes Reid's. Moreover, it is argued that common sense plays a crucial role in the first stage of Kant's system (in his theoretical and practical philosophy as well as his aesthetics), and that historical research has established that this fact was clearly recognized by a significant circle of early Kantians who worked in Jena right before the full development of German Idealism.

Keywords:   Kant, Reid, German Idealism, self, knowledge, Critical philosophy, empiricism, common-sense philosophy

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