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Business Systems and Organizational CapabilitiesThe Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences$
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Richard Whitley

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199205172

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.001.0001

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Developing Innovative Competences in Different Institutional Frameworks

Developing Innovative Competences in Different Institutional Frameworks

Chapter:
(p.175) 7 Developing Innovative Competences in Different Institutional Frameworks
Source:
Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities
Author(s):

Richard Whitley (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.003.0007

This chapter extends and integrates the analysis of innovation systems presented in Chapter 3 and the account of how different firms develop different kinds of organizational capabilities outlined in Chapter 6 to explain how leading firms in differently organized market economies develop distinctive innovative competences and strategies. It argues that firms have several choices in developing innovative competences and selecting innovation strategies that are guided by dominant institutions. These institutions include those governing the development of skills and labour markets, capital markets, and inter-firm relationships as well as the organization and conduct of research in the public sciences. As a result, societies with distinctive institutional frameworks encourage the development of particular kinds of innovative capabilities, and so manifest contrasting types of technological development and sectoral specialization, as illustrated by the examples of late 20th-century Germany, Japan, and the USA.

Keywords:   innovative competencies, institutional frameworks, public science systems, science and technology policies, Germany, Japan, USA

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