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Business Systems and Organizational CapabilitiesThe Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences$
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Richard Whitley

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199205172

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.001.0001

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Constructing Innovation Systems: The Roles of Institutional Regimes and National Public Science Systems

Constructing Innovation Systems: The Roles of Institutional Regimes and National Public Science Systems

Chapter:
(p.57) 3 Constructing Innovation Systems: The Roles of Institutional Regimes and National Public Science Systems
Source:
Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities
Author(s):

Richard Whitley (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.003.0003

This chapter examines the key characteristics of innovation systems that stem from variations in how economic actors develop and diffuse innovations, and how these combine to form six distinct ideal types. How these six types of innovation systems are likely to become established in particular kinds of institutional regimes governing economic activities is discussed. The institutional conditions that can be expected to produce distinctive national innovation systems are then considered. It is argued that coherent and distinctive kinds of innovation systems only become established when strong and complementary institutions develop at transnational, national, or regional levels. In the case of the EU, this implies that the relative weakness, and often contradictory nature, of many European institutions and policies are likely to limit their impact on well-established national patterns of innovative activity and the development of a transnational European system of innovation.

Keywords:   innovation systems, institutional regime, economic activities, EU, innovative activity

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