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Business Systems and Organizational CapabilitiesThe Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences$
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Richard Whitley

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199205172

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.001.0001

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The Contingent Nature of National Business Systems: Types of States and Complementary Institutions

The Contingent Nature of National Business Systems: Types of States and Complementary Institutions

Chapter:
(p.35) 2 The Contingent Nature of National Business Systems: Types of States and Complementary Institutions
Source:
Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities
Author(s):

Richard Whitley (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.003.0002

This chapter discusses the four ideal types of states (arm's length, dominant developmental, business corporatist, and inclusive corporatist) that combine with particular features of allied institutions to constitute particular institutional regimes. It argues that the national specificity and distinctiveness of business systems depends on the extent to which characteristics of states and related institutions are complementary in their implications for firms and markets, as well as the active structuring and coordination of interest groups and their interrelationships with state agencies. As long as the nation state remains the primary unit of political competition and legitimacy, and the definer and upholder of private property rights, in addition to being the predominant influence on labour market institutions, many characteristics of business systems will continue to vary significantly across national boundaries.

Keywords:   states, national institutions, institutional regimes, business systems, arm's length, dominant developmental, business corporatist, inclusive corporatist

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