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PowersA Study in Metaphysics$
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George Molnar and Stephen Mumford

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199204175

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.001.0001

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The Elements (II): On What There Is

The Elements (II): On What There Is

Chapter:
(p.47) 2: The Elements (II): On What There Is
Source:
Powers
Author(s):

George Molnar

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0003

This chapter attempts to answer the question, ‘What is there?’, by going one step up the ladder of abstraction. To investigate the metaphysical context of causal powers, the chapter suggests three ontologically fundamental categories — objects, properties, and relations — which are fundamental because entities falling into these categories are necessary and sufficient for all truths about the world. The chapter discusses in detail objects as bundles of properties, foundationism and relations, and the status of states of affairs. An introduction to the theory of powers is given at the end. The chapter presents the basic features of powers, which are directedness, independence, actuality, intrinsicality, and objectivity.

Keywords:   powers, objects, properties, foundationism, states of affairs, directedness, independence

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