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Beyond the Medieval VillageThe Diversification of Landscape Character in Southern Britain$
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Stephen Rippon

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199203826

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203826.001.0001

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Marching On? The Development of Villages and Common Fields in South Wales

Marching On? The Development of Villages and Common Fields in South Wales

(p.201) 6 Marching On? The Development of Villages and Common Fields in South Wales
Beyond the Medieval Village

Stephen Rippon (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines two case ‐studies in South Wales, where landscapes characterized by villages and common fields were created following the Anglo‐Norman conquest. In south‐east Monmouthshire, an extensive area of coastal marshland was reclaimed and that part which fell within English lordships saw the creation of villages and common fields, while that part which lay within the Welsh lordship of Caerleon had dispersed settlement and enclosed fields. The same is seen on the adjacent dryland areas. In Pembrokeshire, there was a marked north–‐south division in landscape character either side of a twelfth‐century frontier zone—‐the Landsker—‐once again with villages and common fields restricted to the Englishry to the south. Even the architecture of churches, and their position in the landscape, is very different. Flemish settlement may have been significant in some areas.

Keywords:   Monmouthshire, Gwent Levels, Anglo‐Norman lordships, dispersed settlement, villages, common fields, reclamation, Pembrokeshire, Flemings

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