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Structural Reforms Without Prejudices$
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Tito Boeri, Micael Castanheira, Riccardo Faini, and Vincenzo Galasso

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199203628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203628.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2019

Exploit External Constraints

Exploit External Constraints

(p.232) 12 Exploit External Constraints
Structural Reforms Without Prejudices

Tito Boeri (Contributor Webpage)

Micael Castanheira

Riccardo Faini

Vincenzo Galasso (Contributor Webpage)

Giorgio Barba Navaretti

Carcillo Stéphane

Jonathan Haskel

Giuseppe Nicoletti

Enrico Perotti

Carlo Scarpa

Lidia Tsyganok

Christian Wey

Oxford University Press

This chapter takes a different angle on policy-making by recognizing that several successful reforms were actually implemented under pressure from external constraints. Although strong governments may prefer to be free to select their reform options, governments facing strong opposition may need to rely on external constraints to increase their bargaining power in the coalition building phase and to limit the opposition of lobby groups. The recipe provided in this chapter is hence to exploit external constraints, such as those imposed by World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, the Stability Pact, or International Monetary Fund (IMF) conditionality rules. The chapter concentrates on the reform experience of two transition countries — the Czech Republic and Ukraine — to highlight the role of commitment to reform provided by a truly external constraint; in this case, the European Union.

Keywords:   European Union, reforms, Czech Republic, Ukraine, Stability Pact

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