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Barth and Schleiermacher on the Doctrine of ElectionA Systematic-Theological Comparison$
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Matthias Gockel

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199203222

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203222.001.0001

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Barth's Christological Revolution

Barth's Christological Revolution

(p.158) 5 Barth's Christological Revolution
Barth and Schleiermacher on the Doctrine of Election

Matthias Gockel

Oxford University Press

The chapter shows how Barth's second revision of the doctrine, culminating in Church Dogmatics II/2, puts the doctrine on a new foundation. Predestination now is identical with the election of Jesus Christ. It is a primal decision, by which God determines not only humankind but also Himself, and a gracious choice, by which God chooses reprobation for Himself and election for human beings. The idea of Jesus Christ as the subject and object of election overcomes the traditional distinction between God's will in Jesus Christ and God's eternal will. Barth's second revision of the doctrine succeeds in defining election more concretely. The teleological view of reprobation and election is preserved, but with a new focus on Jesus Christ, the ‘atoning substitute’ (Schleiermacher). The christological revision leads to a consideration of the election of the congregation and of the individual, two topics neglected in the Göttingen Dogmatics.

Keywords:   Barth, Schleiermacher, election, reprobation, predestination, grace, christological revision, congregation, individual

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