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Barth and Schleiermacher on the Doctrine of ElectionA Systematic-Theological Comparison$
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Matthias Gockel

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199203222

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203222.001.0001

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Probing the Tradition: Schleiermacher's Revision of the Doctrine in his Essay on Election

Probing the Tradition: Schleiermacher's Revision of the Doctrine in his Essay on Election

Chapter:
(p.16) 1 Probing the Tradition: Schleiermacher's Revision of the Doctrine in his Essay on Election
Source:
Barth and Schleiermacher on the Doctrine of Election
Author(s):

Matthias Gockel

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203222.003.0002

The chapter shows to what extent Schleiermacher's essay on election agrees with Augustine and Calvin that the ground of election and reprobation is not found in human beings but in God. Those who are captured by the power of God's Word are the elect, those who are not captured by it are the reprobate. Reprobation does not entail damnation; nobody ever loses the possibility of being spiritually revived. The exclusion from the community of believers is not the result of a divine foreordination but an expression of the historical development of God's kingdom. Schleiermacher rejects not only the idea of a positive divine decree of reprobation, as Lutheran theologians did in their quarrel with the Reformed side, but he refutes altogether the idea of particular decrees for individuals or for two different groups of persons. Election and reprobation are rooted in a single divine decree.

Keywords:   Augustine, Calvin, Schleiermacher, Lutheran, Reformed, election, reprobation, divine decree, historical

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