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Philosophical Perspectives on Art$
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Stephen Davies

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199202423

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202423.001.0001

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Truth‐Values and Metaphors

Truth‐Values and Metaphors

Chapter:
(p.225) 15 Truth‐Values and Metaphors
Source:
Philosophical Perspectives on Art
Author(s):

Stephen Davies (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202423.003.0016

This chapter argues that metaphors rely solely on the literal meanings of the terms they use. They do not possess or generate meanings that transcend their literal meanings and they do not express special, metaphoric truths that are at odds with their literal truth-values. The death of a metaphor occurs when it takes on a predictable, public use. Metaphors operate by expressing a knowingly entertained thought, not via assertion. The metaphor expresses rather than describes an experience. Because the metaphor is not used assertorically, its truth-value ceases to be important.

Keywords:   metaphors, literal meanings, truth-values, entertained thought, assertion

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