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Exit LeftMarkets and Mobility in Republican Thought$
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Robert S. Taylor

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198798736

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198798736.001.0001

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(p.46) 3 Market
Exit Left

Robert S. Taylor

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 explores the meaning of market power, especially in labor markets. Concentrations of power on either side of such markets make exploitation, discrimination, and domination possible; introducing effective competition into such contexts advances market freedom, understood as non-domination in exchange relations. The republican economic model developed here resembles a modified version of a common European social model, viz. the Nordic model, which combines flexible labor markets, free trade, and bracing competition with high levels of social support in the form of generous welfare benefits and job retraining. This chapter also shows that market freedom is a kind of antipower on Pettit’s own understanding of the term and that Pettit and other neo-republicans anticipate this result in their own writings. The chapter concludes with some reflections on the limits of exit as a tool for curbing market domination and on how its findings extend and reorient republican theory.

Keywords:   labor markets, market freedom, market power, competition, Nordic model, antipower, free trade, exit, domination, discrimination

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