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In Search of the WayThought and Religion in Early—Modern Japan, 1582-1860$
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Richard Bowring

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198795230

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795230.001.0001

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From Tsunayoshi to Ieharu

From Tsunayoshi to Ieharu

Chapter:
(p.139) 9 From Tsunayoshi to Ieharu
Source:
In Search of the Way
Author(s):

Richard Bowring

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795230.003.0009

This chapter is the introduction to Part II, covering the period 1680 to 1786. It deals with the next six shōgun from Tsunayoshi to Ieharu and divides the period into three: Genroku, the Kyōhō Reforms, and the Tanuma Period. The first is known for a flowering of cultural activity and forms the backdrop to the account by the German doctor Englebert Kaempfer, who was based in Nagasaki from 1690 to 1692. By this time the finances of the Tokugawa administration were out of control and the next step had to be a period of austerity, known as the Kyōhō Reforms, which, however, did not have the desired effect. Tanuma Okitsugu then relaxed controls, leading to another unsustainable boom. Amid all this economic difficulty, however, Edo culture flourished as the development of printing on a large scale encouraged both learning and leisure.

Keywords:   Tsunayoshi, Genroku, Yoshimune, Kyōhō Reforms, Tanuma Period, printing, economic difficulties

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