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The Past, Present, and Future of Theologies of Interreligious Dialogue$
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Terrence Merrigan and John Friday

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198792345

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198792345.001.0001

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The Future of Interreligious Dialogue in the Light of Ramon Llull’s Contribution to the Encounter of Religions

The Future of Interreligious Dialogue in the Light of Ramon Llull’s Contribution to the Encounter of Religions

Chapter:
(p.47) 3 The Future of Interreligious Dialogue in the Light of Ramon Llull’s Contribution to the Encounter of Religions
Source:
The Past, Present, and Future of Theologies of Interreligious Dialogue
Author(s):

Annemarie C. Mayer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198792345.003.0004

This chapter inquires whether the medieval experience of interreligious encounter can illuminate contemporary attempts to develop interreligious dialogue, with particular attention to the approach to Islam proposed by the Catalan thinker, Ramon Llull. Llull realized that the three monotheistic religions struggled with common logical and theological problems related to the notion of the divine attributes, namely, how to differentiate between God’s essence and his attributes, and how to combine the plurality of attributes with the essential oneness of God. For that reason, Lull’s point of departure for a meaningful exchange between Christians and Muslims was an appeal to a common rational method, and a theology of commonality, the content of which Llull identified as the doctrine of God and the notion of the divine attributes. Llull’s focus on doctrine was geared towards genuine understanding of the religious other and served as a safeguard against false irenicism.

Keywords:   Ramon Llull, medieval interreligious encounters, theology of commonality, theology of difference, rational method

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