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Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665$
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Alistair Malcolm

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198791904

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791904.001.0001

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Sustaining the Conflict, 1648–57

Sustaining the Conflict, 1648–57

(p.180) (p.181) 7 Sustaining the Conflict, 1648–57
Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665

Alistair Malcolm

Oxford University Press

Chapter 7 seeks to understand the priorities of Spanish foreign policy by considering the outlooks of several key individuals: Haro, the counts of Peñaranda and Fuensaldaña, and the marquises of La Fuente and Castel Rodrigo, as well as of Philip IV himself. The peacemaking process was compromised by the valido’s need to obtain a settlement that would be sufficiently honourable to justify his enjoyment of the king’s favour. Efforts to conclude an agreement with France after 1648 were accordingly doomed to fail. For the time being this did not matter, because Spain’s armies were able to exploit the Frondes in order to make dramatic gains on all fronts. Even after 1648, relations with the government in Vienna augured well, and by 1657 there was a strong likelihood of Austrian military assistance in exchange for a marriage between the emperor’s son and the Infanta María Teresa.

Keywords:   Westphalia, Frondes, Condé, Peñaranda, (a) Fuensaldaña, (b) Archduke Leopold William, (c) Ferdinand III, (d) Auersperg, (e) Infanta María Teresa

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