Personal Rule and Regency during the 1660s
During the last four years of his life Philip IV did not appoint another valido. Instead, he relied on individual ministers to take on specific aspects of government. The result was a lack of coordination and a failure of direction, as attempts to reconquer Portugal were humiliatingly defeated, and the government in Paris openly flouted the spirit of the Pyrenees. Moreover the stipulations that Philip made for the regency government of his son were again intended to ensure that a valido situation should not be allowed to recur. The political elite of the reign of Carlos II was one of grandees, albeit grandees who were related closely to the children of Philip IV’s last valido.
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