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Indentured Migration and the Servant Trade from London to America, 1618–1718'There is Great Want of Servants'$
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John Wareing

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198788904

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788904.001.0001

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The Traders in the London Labour Market

The Traders in the London Labour Market

(p.93) 3 The Traders in the London Labour Market
Indentured Migration and the Servant Trade from London to America, 1618–1718

John Wareing

Oxford University Press

Servant migration was transformed into a trade in people in London, run for profit after 1643 by merchants, procurers, and the masters of ships. It was loosely structured and included both open and illicit methods of recruitment. Servants were recruited in all parts of the city, but the procurers and their spirits were largely based in the Tower Hamlets, especially in St Katherine’s by the Tower. Most servants went voluntarily, but others were often trepanned and over-persuaded by spirits, and merchants were often falsely charged by other criminals with kidnap. William Haveland, the High Bailiff of St Katherine’s, and the merchant John Dykes of Wapping, who operated from 1668 to 1710 and from 1684 to 1726 respectively, were leading procurers who appeared frequently, with others, before the city’s courts.

Keywords:   procurers, justices, victims, morality, vested interests, profit, abuse, writs, Tower Hamlets

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