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Andrew M. Steane

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198788560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.001.0001

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Expansion and flow processes

Expansion and flow processes

Chapter:
(p.228) 16 Expansion and flow processes
Source:
Thermodynamics
Author(s):

Andrew M. Steane

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.003.0016

We discuss processes involving an expanding fluid, and applications to cooling and turbines. The Joule expansion, adiabatic expansion, and Joule–Kelvin expansion (throttling process) are all treated, the latter at length. The Bernoulli equation is derived. Cooling and liquification of gases by the Linde method is described in full. General flow processes are introduced, and an elementary treatment of the gas turbine is given. The exercises treat these and further applications, such as the Rankine cycle and Brayton cycle.

Keywords:   Joule expansion, Joule–Kelvin expansion, throttling, Bernoulli equation, liquification, Linde process, gas turbine, Rankine, Brayton

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