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Andrew M. Steane

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198788560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.001.0001

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Modelling real gases

Modelling real gases

Chapter:
(p.216) 15 Modelling real gases
Source:
Thermodynamics
Author(s):

Andrew M. Steane

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.003.0015

The behaviour of real (as opposed to ideal) gases is described and modelled. The van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, Dieterici, and Peng–Robinson equations are all described, and the virial expansion is introduced. The compression factor and Boyle temperature are defined, and the concept of critical parameters is explained. The liquid–vapour phase change is discussed, with detailed application of the van der Waals equation and the Maxwell construction. The law of corresponding states is discussed.

Keywords:   van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, Dieterici, Peng–Robinson, virial, compression factor, Boyle temperature, critical parameters, Maxwell construction, corresponding states

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