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The Governance of Infrastructure$
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Kai Wegrich, Genia Kostka, and Gerhard Hammerschmid

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198787310

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787310.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 August 2019

Strategic Environmental Assessment and Public Participation in Infrastructure Siting

Strategic Environmental Assessment and Public Participation in Infrastructure Siting

Klickitat County, Washington’s Wind Energy Overlay Zone

(p.250) 12 Strategic Environmental Assessment and Public Participation in Infrastructure Siting
The Governance of Infrastructure

Hilary Boudet

Joseph Grandolfo

Oxford University Press

The use of strategic (or programmatic) environmental assessment has been touted as a way to assess project impacts earlier and more comprehensively. Less well understood is how such an assessment occurs in practice and its implications for future public participation. This chapter presents a case study of wind energy siting in Klickitat County, Washington state—one of the first counties in the US to implement a wind energy overlay zone using a programmatic environmental impact assessment. The findings detailed in this chapter indicate that a dubious settlement agreement between local opponents and the developers of a landfill created an opportunity to mobilise support for a wind energy overlay zone. The zone facilitated development but limited future opportunities for opponent participation. The case raises questions about the role of strategic environmental assessment in expediting renewable energy development while maintaining the right of local communities to exercise meaningful voice.

Keywords:   US, Washington state, strategic environmental assessment, environmental impact assessment, wind energy, siting, energy overlay zone, participation, renewable energy

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