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The Prophetic ChurchHistory and Doctrinal Development in John Henry Newman and Yves Congar$
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Andrew Meszaros

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198786344

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786344.001.0001

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Doctrinal Development, Part 2

Doctrinal Development, Part 2

The Role of History

(p.162) 5 Doctrinal Development, Part 2
The Prophetic Church

Andrew Meszaros

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 continues to unpack Congar’s theory of doctrinal development, but this time, highlighting the role that history plays. Consequently, Chapter 5 treats the third and fourth motors of doctrinal development: heresy and history. Examples are given of history’s influence on Church teaching and it is shown that history affects what the Church teaches, that that Church teaches it (at all), and why the Church teaches it this way (rather than another way). Examples are given of how history challenges the Church’s doctrinal tradition (e.g. Extra ecclesiam nulla salus), and how the world assists the Church’s doctrinal tradition (e.g. transubstantiation and philosophical-linguistic influences on doctrine). The second half of the chapter seeks to categorize Congar’s theory of doctrinal development. It compares Congar’s theory to those of other figures (e.g. Jossua, Baum, Journet). It is argued that Congar’s theory can be termed “episodic” but also “homogeneous.”

Keywords:   heresy, history, Jossua, Baum, Journet, Marin-Sola, transubstantiation, linear, episodic, Dei Verbum

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