Julian and Ammianus in Persia
This final chapter deals with an event that more than any other had received detailed discussion by recent and contemporary authors, namely Julian’s Persian campaign of 363. It is only here that Ammianus appears as a participant during the same event as Julian. The chapter considers the uses to which Ammianus puts the participant in negotiating his text’s relationship with contemporary discussions of Roman failure in Persia, and equally how he seeks to explain Julian’s failure while offering a final assessment of Julian within a particularly Roman and historiographical framework. The role of divination and omens, and Julian’s interpretation of earlier Roman campaigns against Persia in particular ensure that Julian is to be judged in Romanized terms.
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