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History of UniversitiesVolume XXIX / 1$
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Mordechai Feingold

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198779919

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779919.001.0001

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Roger L. Geiger, The History of American Higher Education: Learning and Culture from the Founding to World War II (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015), 551 pp. ISBN: 9780691149394

Roger L. Geiger, The History of American Higher Education: Learning and Culture from the Founding to World War II (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015), 551 pp. ISBN: 9780691149394

Chapter:
(p.216) Roger L. Geiger, The History of American Higher Education: Learning and Culture from the Founding to World War II (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015), 551 pp. ISBN: 9780691149394
Source:
History of Universities
Author(s):

W. Bruce Leslie

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779919.003.0013

This chapter explores the history and development of the American universities, from their foundation up to World War II. It draws from Roger Geiger's The History of American Higher Education: Learning and Culture from the Founding to World War II (2015). He anchors his account of the first century in two premises. First, the founders carried with them the academic traditions of arguably the most literate society in the world: Oxford and Cambridge. Second, the English heritage contained the dynamic interaction of three goals: culture, careers, and knowledge. Geiger concludes his four-century narrative with what he calls ‘The Standard American University’. He argues that the 1920s and 1930s brought more fundamental change underwritten by unprecedented support for a coterie of elite institutions. The resulting standardisation created a true system for the first time and it was one poised to take advantage of the opportunities WWII and the post-war world offered.

Keywords:   American universities, World War II, Roger Geiger, Oxford, Cambridge, English heritage, The Standard American University

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