The account of hylomorphic structure developed for artifacts is in this chapter extended to organisms. An account is given of the origin of organisms in sexual reproduction that is modeled on the artifactual account but that, of course, lacks the important role of intentional making. It is then argued, drawing on work by Karen Neander and Ruth Millikan, that something similar to what intentional making does in the case of artifacts is accomplished by evolution in the case of organisms. Cases like that of Davidson’s Swampman are not cases of organisms, or hylomorphically complex entities of any kind, at all.
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