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Making Objects and EventsA Hylomorphic Theory of Artifacts, Actions, and Organisms$
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Simon J. Evnine

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198779674

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779674.001.0001

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(p.160) 5 Organisms
Making Objects and Events

Simon J. Evnine

Oxford University Press

The account of hylomorphic structure developed for artifacts is in this chapter extended to organisms. An account is given of the origin of organisms in sexual reproduction that is modeled on the artifactual account but that, of course, lacks the important role of intentional making. It is then argued, drawing on work by Karen Neander and Ruth Millikan, that something similar to what intentional making does in the case of artifacts is accomplished by evolution in the case of organisms. Cases like that of Davidson’s Swampman are not cases of organisms, or hylomorphically complex entities of any kind, at all.

Keywords:   Ruth Millikan, Karen Neander, evolution, Swampman, sexual reproduction

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