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Power, Politics, and Tradition in the Mongol Empire and the Ilkhanate of Iran$
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Michael Hope

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198768593

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768593.001.0001

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Amīrate or Sultanate?

Amīrate or Sultanate?

The Chinggisid Legacy

Chapter:
(p.182) 5 Amīrate or Sultanate?
Source:
Power, Politics, and Tradition in the Mongol Empire and the Ilkhanate of Iran
Author(s):

Michael Hope

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768593.003.0005

This chapter discusses the failure of Ghazan’s heirs to preserve his patrimonial state. It shows how Ghazan’s household staff came to form a new propertied aristocracy, which sought to protect its wealth, offices, and prestige from the expansion of the central government. This new propertied aristocracy reinstated the collegial system of government, whose final success saw the Īlkhānate divided between several powerful magnates. The chapter concludes by showing that the traditions of collegial and patrimonial authority remained an important part of the Temürid political tradition in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. This chapter also provides a recapitulation of the general narrative and the main contention of the book. It reinforces the argument made in Chapter 4 that a syncretic Islamic–Mongolian political tradition emerged in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. It therefore contradicts the view that Islamic civilization simply overwhelmed the traditional culture of the Mongol Īlkhāns.

Keywords:   Öljeitü, Abū Sa‘īd, Temür, amīrs, imperial decline, political fragmentation

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