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In Defense of Conciliar ChristologyA Philosophical Essay$
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Timothy Pawl

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198765929

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765929.001.0001

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The Fundamental Problem

The Fundamental Problem

Chapter:
(p.75) Chapter 4 The Fundamental Problem
Source:
In Defense of Conciliar Christology
Author(s):

Timothy Pawl

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765929.003.0005

This fourth chapter, the beginning of Part II of the book, provides the main philosophical problem considered in the next four chapters. The problem is called, following Richard Cross, “the Fundamental Problem” or just “the Problem” for short. In brief, the problem goes as follows: Anything human must have some predicates apt of it, but anything divine must have the complements of those predicates apt of it. And nothing can have both a predicate and its complement apt of it at the same time. So nothing is both human and divine. The chapter then considers five unsatisfactory responses. These responses are: denying the truth of Conciliar Christology; affirming that something can have both a predicate and its complement apt of it at the same time; denying the law of non-contradiction; deny that the relevant complements exist; appealing to mystery. It concludes by presenting the shape of the following three chapters.

Keywords:   the Fundamental Problem, the law of non-contradiction, predicate, complement, mystery

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