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Constitutional ConventionsThe Rules and Forms of Political Accountability$
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Geoffrey Marshall

Print publication date: 1987

Print ISBN-13: 9780198762027

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198762027.001.0001

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The Status of the Police

The Status of the Police

(p.128) VIII The Status of the Police
Constitutional Conventions

Geoffrey Marshall

Oxford University Press

One characteristic feature of the history of policing in England has been its separation from the State in the sense of the central government. The end of the nineteenth century shows how local operational control remained one of the firm tenets of British policing. This chapter presents that the role of the police in the local prosecution process in England has had some influence on the relations of the police with other public persons and administrators, particularly those in local government and on police committees. The controversy of 1959–64 about police accountability is examined by the author. Further, the author argues that after the 1964 Police Act, no visible change in the constitutional law can be observed and perhaps the most significant legal decision related to the exercise of police powers since 1964 has been the decision of the Court of Appeal in Ex parte Blackburn.

Keywords:   Ex parte Blackburn, England, policing, police, police accountability, 1964 Police Act, Court of Appeal

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