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Evolution of the Cerebellar Sense of Self$
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John Montgomery and David Bodznick

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198758860

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758860.001.0001

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How does the cerebellum work? Model systems

How does the cerebellum work? Model systems

Compensating for self-movement (vestibulo-ocular reflex), predictive motor learning (eye blink reflex), voluntary goal-directed behaviour (saccades), and action and reaction

Chapter:
(p.89) Chapter 6 How does the cerebellum work? Model systems
Source:
Evolution of the Cerebellar Sense of Self
Author(s):

John Montgomery

David Bodznick

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758860.003.0006

Model systems have been critical to developing our understanding of cerebellar function. The vestibulo-ocular reflex stabilizes the eyes during head movement and depends on the cerebellum to maintain accurate function. Classical conditioning of the eye blink reflex is an example of predictive motor learning where the role of the cerebellum is to appropriately time the conditioned response. Voluntary goal-directed behaviour, such as target-directed eye movements, harnesses the cerebellar circuitry to maintain accuracy and compensates for self-induced perturbations that occur during the movement such as an eye blink. In the general context of everyday movement, the role of the cerebellum in the actions and reactions that underlie animal athleticism is likely to be pervasive, but also inextricably intertwined with the wider motor control networks.

Keywords:   vestibulo-ocular reflex, delay conditioning, eye blink, predictive motor learning, saccade, action and reaction, athleticism

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