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Building Sustainable PeaceTiming and Sequencing of Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding$
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Arnim Langer and Graham K. Brown

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198757276

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757276.001.0001

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Prolonged Transition and Setback in Reforms

Prolonged Transition and Setback in Reforms

Timing, Sequencing, and Contestations over Reforms in Post-Conflict Nepal

(p.393) Chapter 22 Prolonged Transition and Setback in Reforms
Building Sustainable Peace

Mahendra Lawoti

Oxford University Press

The chapter argues that the underlying reason for the long transition in post-conflict Nepal was not contestations over class issues but rather a dispute over an appropriate federal model. The proximate cause for the delay was the repeated undermining of democratic processes by the dominant group leaders, including not taking the federal issue to the vote in the first Constituent Assembly because the identity-based federalists had a two-thirds majority. The second CA released in July 2015 a draft constitution, which denies autonomy and identities to the marginalized groups and contains other articles that are regressive compared to the interim constitution of 2007. The chapter also considers the timing of elections and the time needed to write a constitution. It argues that having a single body functioning as both parliament and CA contributed further to the delay.

Keywords:   Nepal, federalism, democratic process, identity, autonomy, marginalized group, post-conflict, transition, election timing, constitution writing

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