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Lectures on New Testament Theologyby Ferdinand Christian Baur$
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Peter C. Hodgson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198754176

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754176.001.0001

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The Theological Frameworks of the Apostle Paul and the Book of Revelation

The Theological Frameworks of the Apostle Paul and the Book of Revelation

Chapter:
First Period The Theological Frameworks of the Apostle Paul and the Book of Revelation
Source:
Lectures on New Testament Theology
Author(s):

Peter C. Hodgson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754176.003.0004

The transition from the teaching of Jesus to the theological frameworks of the Apostles is momentous. Because of Jesus’ death and resurrection, Christianity assumes an essentially different form: focus shifts from Jesus’ teaching to his person, its absolute significance and saving work. Paul is the first to grasp that Jesus’ death is not a scandal; rather the Messiah is precisely destined to die, thereby accomplishing what the Old Testament could not, the realization of righteousness. Baur bases his reconstruction of Pauline theology on the four assuredly genuine epistles (Galatians, 1 and 2 Corinthians, and Romans), and presents it under a series of themes: righteousness, sin, law, faith, christology (Jesus is a Spirit-filled human person), predestination, baptism, Lord’s Supper, eschatology, and God. Paul is the founder of Christian theology. In contrast, the Book of Revelation, written just before the fall of Jerusalem, sets forth an apocalyptic worldview based on prophetic Judaism.

Keywords:   Paul, humanity of Christ, death of Christ, saving work of Christ, law and sin, righteousness by faith, Book of Revelation, apocalypticism

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