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Lectures on New Testament Theologyby Ferdinand Christian Baur$
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Peter C. Hodgson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198754176

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754176.001.0001

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The Teaching of Jesus

The Teaching of Jesus

Chapter:
(p.94) Part One The Teaching of Jesus
Source:
Lectures on New Testament Theology
Author(s):

Peter C. Hodgson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754176.003.0003

The teaching of Jesus is the foundation and presupposition for all that belongs to the history of the development of Christian consciousness. His teaching is religion, not theology, and he is the founder of a new religion. He does not stand above history as such but is one of its decisive turning points. He is profoundly related to Judaism and appears as a reformer of Judaism. His teaching can be only approximately reconstructed from a critical reading of the Synoptic Gospels, especially Matthew. Baur focuses on three topics: the relation of Jesus’ teaching to the Old Testament and to the Law; his moral and religious teaching (with an emphasis on conscience, righteousness, and the kingdom of God); Jesus’ person and his messianic consciousness (he became aware of his messiahship gradually, with only a premonition of his death).

Keywords:   Jesus, Judaism, conscience, righteousness, kingdom of God, Messiah, Son of God

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