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Excitons and Cooper PairsTwo Composite Bosons in Many-Body Physics$
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Monique Combescot and Shiue-Yuan Shiau

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198753735

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753735.001.0001

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Richardson-Gaudin Exact Solution

Richardson-Gaudin Exact Solution

(p.247) 10 Richardson-Gaudin Exact Solution
Excitons and Cooper Pairs

Monique Combescot

Shiue-Yuan Shiau

Oxford University Press

Chapter 10 deals with the exact solution to the BCS problem, as obtained by analytically solving Richardson-Gaudin equations. The chapter first provides a simple derivation of these equations and shows how to solve them for arbitrary N. The explicit N dependence of the N–Cooper pair energy obtained from this resolution provides invaluable insights into the role of the Pauli exclusion principle in paired fermion systems because the reduced BCS potential does not directly act between Cooper pairs. Revelation of this subtle point makes it possible to understand (i) why Cooper pairs can strongly overlap without breaking, whereas, at large density, an exciton system dissociates into an electron-hole plasma, and (ii) why the gap energy is far larger than the average pair energy. This understanding is further supported by the Cooper pair many-body parameter, which has the same form as the ones for Wannier or Frenkel excitons do.

Keywords:   Richardson-Gaudin equation, exact solution, N–Cooper pair energy, gap energy, electron-hole plasma, Cooper pair, average pair energy, many-body parameter, BCS potential, Pauli exclusion principle

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