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Beyond the CrisisThe Governance of Europe's Economic, Political and Legal Transformation$
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Mark Dawson, Henrik Enderlein, and Christian Joerges

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198752868

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752868.001.0001

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The Inter-Democratic Deficit of the European Union

The Inter-Democratic Deficit of the European Union

(p.173) 11 The Inter-Democratic Deficit of the European Union
Beyond the Crisis

Daniel Innerarity

Oxford University Press

We are still unable to identify the true crisis in Europe. Is it a lack of demos or cratos? Is the democracy, legitimacy, or justice inadequate? Is it intelligibility or too little politicisation? This chapter introduces three hypotheses. First, attempts to explain the crisis that focus on a single deficit are unsatisfactory. Instead, the discussion should focus on how these deficiencies are expressed and the extent to which each is involved. It makes no sense to entrust the entire solution to strengthening one criterion (e.g. participation, effectiveness, or communication). Second, polarising the legitimacy framework around two possibilities (input and output) is a simplification that does not reflect how results and procedures, effectiveness, and consent are related in democracies. Third, the resulting description cannot be less complex than that which it describes, so the task of repairing EU legitimacy should be carried out by dividing labour between institutions, criteria, and values.

Keywords:   democratic deficit, legitimacy, democracy, effectiveness, values, European Union

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