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Aristotle in Aquinas’s Theology$
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Gilles Emery, O.P. and Matthew Levering

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198749639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749639.001.0001

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Aristotle’s Philosophy in Aquinas’s Theology of Grace in the Summa Theologiae

Aristotle’s Philosophy in Aquinas’s Theology of Grace in the Summa Theologiae

(p.94) 5 Aristotle’s Philosophy in Aquinas’s Theology of Grace in the Summa Theologiae
Aristotle in Aquinas’s Theology

Simon Francis Gaine OP

Oxford University Press

In contrast to the concerns of more recent accounts of Aquinas’s doctrine of grace with Scripture’s “partakers of the divine nature,” his appropriation of patristic teaching on deification and the Platonic notion of participation, a perception of personalism in his thought, or appreciation of grace’s link to further Scriptural, patristic, or other philosophical and theological themes in his biblical and systematic works, this study treats the creative appropriation within his theology of grace of concepts drawn from Aristotle’s philosophy. Examining the Aristotelian content of questions on grace in the Summa theologiae, it shows how Aquinas put Aristotle’s philosophy to work in the service of his anti-Manichaean and anti-Pelagian theological commitments to the goodness of creation and the primacy of grace.

Keywords:   grace, supernatural, justification, deification, merit, habits, Pelagianism, Manichaeism

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