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Aristotle in Aquinas’s Theology$
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Gilles Emery, O.P. and Matthew Levering

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198749639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749639.001.0001

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Aristotle in Aquinas’s Sacramental Theology

Aristotle in Aquinas’s Sacramental Theology

Chapter:
(p.205) 10 Aristotle in Aquinas’s Sacramental Theology
Source:
Aristotle in Aquinas’s Theology
Author(s):

John P. Yocum

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749639.003.0010

This chapter argues that Aquinas’s sacramental theology is shaped by assumptions about anthropology that he shares with Aristotle and by the Aristotelian causal scheme, which Aquinas stretches in order to explicate the way in which God acts through human ministers to give grace. Aquinas shares with Aristotle an understanding of human language as communicative sign-making in service of a communal life, and the principle that man learns through the senses. This helps him account for sacraments as sensible signs, with a meaning rooted in salvation history. In the causal account Aquinas builds squarely on revelation and offers an account of causality whose application far exceeds what can be found in Aristotle.

Keywords:   theological anthropology, sacraments, sign, cause, epistemology, language

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