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Idealist Ethics$
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W. J. Mander

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198748892

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748892.001.0001

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Idealism, Society, and Community

Idealism, Society, and Community

(p.211) 16 Idealism, Society, and Community
Idealist Ethics

W. J. Mander

Oxford University Press

Continuing the discussion of idealist arguments that might be given for concerning oneself with the well-being of others, this chapter examines the British Idealist theory of the organic social whole (focusing on the common good theory of T. H. Green, F. H. Bradley, and Marietta Kies), and the Personal Idealist theory of community (focusing on Josiah Royce and J. M. E. McTaggart). Despite their differing views regarding the metaphysics of community and the ‘separateness of persons’ these two approaches lead to remarkably similar ethical theories, in large part because the Personal Idealists understand the development of distinct moral personality as something conditional upon membership of a community. In each of the cases considered it is demonstrated how it is the thinkers’ idealism that underpins their altruistic or communtarian orientation.

Keywords:   T. H. Green, the common good, F. H. Bradley, Marietta Kies, Personal Idealism, community, Royce, McTaggart

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