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Particle Physics in the LHC Era$
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Giles Barr, Robin Devenish, Roman Walczak, and Tony Weidberg

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198748557

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.001.0001

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Experimental tests of electroweak theory

Experimental tests of electroweak theory

Chapter:
(p.205) 8 Experimental tests of electroweak theory
Source:
Particle Physics in the LHC Era
Author(s):

G. Barr

R. Devenish

R. Walczak

T. Weidberg

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.003.0008

This chapter aims to give a thorough introduction to the experimental techniques used at colliders by first treating the relatively simple events at an electron–positron collider (LEP) and then moving on to the more complex collisions at a hadron collider. The fundamental measurements of the properties of the weak and electroweak interactions are covered and a description is given of how precision measurements have been used to probe physics at higher energy scales. IInteractions of neutrinos and the measurement of CKM matrix elements are considered first, followed by precision measurements of the electroweak interactions at the Z pole at LEP. This includes the determination of the number of neutrino species from the Z lineshape. The chapter continues with measurements of W-boson properties at LEP2 and the Tevatron, and ends with a detailed case study of a hadron collider measurement—the discovery of the top quark.

Keywords:   LEP, Z lineshape, electroweak interactions, number of neutrino species, W-boson properties, Tevatron

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