Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Verbal Periphrasis in Ancient GreekHave- and Be- Constructions$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Klaas Bentein

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747093

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747093.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 22 May 2019

Perfect Aspect

Perfect Aspect

(p.105) 3 Perfect Aspect
Verbal Periphrasis in Ancient Greek

Klaas Bentein

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with periphrases formed in the domain of perfect aspect. This mainly concerns εἰμί‎ with the perfect participle (as in ἦν τετελευτηκώς‎ ‘he was dead’). Previous research has claimed that the construction remained stative throughout its entire history, but a more complex scenario is argued for. It is shown that already in the Classical period the construction came to be used with an anterior aspectual function (as in ἀκηκοότες ἦσαν‎ ‘they had heard’), similarly to the synthetic perfect. This is a development which can be understood in terms of transitivization, that is, the construction being used in more transitive contexts. However, in the Post-Classical period, εἰμί‎ with the perfect participle underwent a functional specialization as a resultative perfect periphrasis, due to the appearance of a new construction: εἰμί‎ with the aorist participle (as in εἰμί ποιήσας‎ ‘I have done’). Aside from these two constructions, attention is drawn to various innovative perfect constructions, whose existence has been completely overlooked in most previous accounts.

Keywords:   perfect aspect, resultative perfect, anterior aspectual function, transitivization, functional specialization

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .