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The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology$
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Laurie Bauer, Rochelle Lieber, and Ingo Plag

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747062

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.001.0001

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Derivation

Derivation

phonological considerations

Chapter:
(p.160) (p.161) Chapter 9 Derivation
Source:
The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology
Author(s):

Laurie Bauer

Rochelle Lieber

Ingo Plag

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.003.0009

This chapter gives an overview of phenomena in derivation where morphology and phonology interact. It provides a general introduction to the role of phonology in English derivation and the principles that govern the morpho-phonological behaviour of many of the morphological categories to be described in the subsequent chapters. Semi-regularity or lexical government prevails and variation is all-pervasive. The chapter also considers types of base and affixalallomorphy, the status of extenders, the role of stress and prosodic morphology, as well as haplology effects. Very generally speaking, there are conflicting demands that have to be met by derived words in the mental lexicon. On the one hand, derivatives, being new or different words, must be different in shape and in meaning from their base, but not too different, so that the relationship between base and derivative is still recoverable.

Keywords:   phonology, allomorphy, extenders, stress, prosodic morphology, haplology, selectional restriction, alternation, stress-shift, expletive insertion

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